Wednesday, February 29, 2012


Anemia is also known as Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) caused due to the shortage of iron, important micro nutrients of food. Iron is one of the most important micro nutrients essential for making hemoglobin, which supplies oxygen to each and every tissue of the body from lungs. Anemia is mostly found in children and pregnant women. Deficiency of iron in the body makes it weak and reduces immunity power. Females, especially pregnant and postnatal ones suffer from it. The babies, born from mother suffering from anemia have low weight and are more vulnerable from death. The adults, victims of anemia, seem feebler and have low capacity to perform different tasks. Children suffering from anemia grow slowly, understand very late and may die early.

Causes and symptoms
Anemia is a disease caused by the deficiency of haemoglobin or the lack of red blood cells. This problem is mostly found in small children, woman and pregnant mother. This caused due to the lack of iron in food. It may also be caused by hookworm parasites.
  • Feeling of dizziness and tiredness
  • In the case of babies, loss of appetite and weeping for no specific reason can be observed
  • The facial appearance is pale and yellow
  • Pigmentation of the skin, paleness in the eyes and the fingernails
  • The patient feels giddiness
  • Difficulty in breathing
Safety measures of Anemia
  • We should take iron containing food like livers, meat, fish, eggs, green vegetables, grains, beans, cereals etc.
  • Food that contains vitamin ‘C’ like lemon, orange, vegetables etc should be taken, which help to absorb the iron element in the food.
  • Hookworm is one of the major causes of anemia. So, we must have a habit of wearing shoes.
  • Iron tablets can also be given to babies for immediate supply of iron.

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